PREVENTION OF VIOLENCE IN SOMALIA:

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ABDIRASAK AHMED

SEPTEMBER 22, 2019

 The question of what allows violent movements to take root, recruit, and spread? Why is it on the rise? continue to fascinate scholars and policy makers globally. Even more important is the question that while no country is immune what makes fragile states more vulnerable to violence? Over recent years, the world has continued to observe growing cases of coercive violence that has taken the lives of numerous innocent people, whether on the basis of religious, ethnic or political grounds, extremist ideologies admire the supremacy of a certain group, and resist a greater persistent and all-inclusive society. In addition, increasing level disparities are one of the regularly referred drivers of violent extremism. Indeed, violent extremism is the result of historical, political, economic and social context, comprising the influence of territorial and international power politics.

Critical perspective, unemployment or poverty alone is not the just push component encouraging violence: perceptions of grievance injustice, human-rights violations, social-political exclusion, rampant corruption or sustained injustice of particular communities, are also deemed significant push factors. Above all these level inequalities come together for certain group, radical movements and violence is more possible to break out. Preventing violent development activity has an essential role in offering the core for avoiding violent. The United Nations for Development Programme (UNDP) propose some conceptual framework which interconnected to basic elements for a theory of change that describing how development could assist preventing violent. Such fundamental components notified by international, regional and national strategies for Prevention Violence contain, these are including Strengthen a rule of law and human rights-based techniques to Prevention Violence, Improving the fight against corruption, upgrading participatory decision-making and raising civic space at local and national levels, delivering effective socio-economic alternatives to violence for groups at danger; etc.

On the other hand, after years of conflict and instability, Notable in the condition of unstable politics and confined security gaps violent, some groups have space to prevail and can complete the void left behind by the inexistence of a functioning state and public institutions.  More importantly, the existence of violence on African is harsh and condition influence both national and global. Fighting violent can be involved with community engagement, education; strategic communications designed to eliminate the draw of and support for such groups, and improve resilience apposed them. The contemporary global engagement in Somalia has been experienced from two main weaknesses. First, fighting violent interventions have not been properly focused in design in connection to that side of Somalia they are to be executed. Second, fighting violent evaluation policies have not been grounded on lessons from the past experiences in other countries: unachieved or has little information sharing among various fighting violent extremism measures within Somalia.

 Debate and conflict prevention

The relationship between fundamental and violence behavior has been debated for many years. sweeping is understood as a process that culminated in the decision to join a violent group, but one that was driven by certain ‘push’ and ‘pull’ factors. Push factors were largely understood as the negative social, political, economic and cultural drivers of individual decision-making, while pull factors were the positive characteristics or benefits offered by a group in exchange for participation. Social constrains are a major source of radicalization. For example, education or lack of it can determine whether a person can be radicalized or not. Previous years people thought that that only uneducated people are radicalized but recent events have proved that even highly educated people are also radicalized and engaged in violent activities. Apart from education the problem of unemployment is another problem is a major reason for radicalization. More so because poverty that comes as a result of unemployment is targeted by extremist groups which promise prosperity and economic rewards. This means that unemployed people become vulnerable to be targeted by extremist groups. This explain why informal urban areas and villages see more young people being recruited.

Characteristic of today’s violent networks is the disproportionate participation of youth in the various socio- political and political spheres of the society. While this is not uncommon in violent groups, it is unusual that the demographic is so heavily skewed towards young people, and at the same time so geographically dispersed. An even more a typical trend is the roles being of the nature of games and films that children get exposed to at a young age. For example, films that show graphic images of battlefields, and as soldiers, executors and carry out their activities. These experiences present myriad risks for, and impacts on, children and youths in conflict-affected, fragile and developing countries alike. The different hats they wear — actors within the conflict, bystanders in theatre, sympathizers, activists or observers — means that individuals might be simultaneously vulnerable to recruitment, mistreated within a legal system and pose a danger to national security.

Emergence of different media platforms especially social media that are difficult to monitor have given different groups an opportunity to mobilize and recruit young people. These social media platforms are being used to share propaganda and radicalizing information. Another issue is the question of gender. In many cases women are marginalized from many aspects of the society, this is the same trend in radicalization where more young people get marginalized compared to women.  This does not mean that women are not involved in extremism, but they play different roles.

In Somalia violence is very common due to many factors that need to be addressed independently in order to solve the problem. To start with, education reforms should be made to ensure that social education included to enable young people to develop critical decision-making skills so as to avoid being manipulated to join extremist groups. Secondly, creation of job opportunities for different levels of qualification is important. Both skilled and unskilled young people need to be committed in activities that promote nation building. By keeping people preoccupied, they avoid being extremists. The community also needs to develop a mechanism where young people are monitored well so that in case they start to develop extremist behavior they can be realized very soon.

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